CEN-SAD, Community of Sahel-Saharan States

The level of integration within CEN-SAD was graded as low, according to African Regional Integration Index (IIRA). With a lowly average of 0.541, CEN-SAD seems poor, compared to ECOWAS and SADC ratings. CEN-SAD shows poor performance in terms of productive integration and infrastructure, but this is relatively satisfactory in terms of the free movement of people.

According to the index, Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal, and Morocco are the most integrated countries of CEN-SAD (Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal also have the best performances of ECOWAS). The high scores of Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal are partly due to their mutual trade in fuel and lubricants: this activity is taken into account in the scores of these countries for productive integration, which is almost identical and exceeds by far the performance of CEN-SAD’s best runner-up, Liberia.

The third most integrated country in CEN-SAD, Morocco, leads its peers in macroeconomic integration. Morocco has an almost perfect score for this dimension and it holds the record for bilateral investment treaties in force.


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